(14th Nov 2016 to 10th Dec 2016)


Water and Sanitation has been a major issue all over the world as there are many policies but are not implemented, thus, lack of availability of clean water causes many diseases in the community, especially in rural areas. Keeping this in mind, we have taken a major initiative to start water and sanitation programme in Odisha since it is the most neglected state in India. In order to address malnutrition and put pressure on Government to approve 'Safe Drinking Water' as a 'Right' and link it to constitution’s article 21 - right to life, there was a huge Campaign (Padyatra) all over the state. Additionally, we also demanded immediate intervention by the state to control Japanese Encephalitis deaths in Malkangiri. 

Though, Central Government drafted national policy on water in the year 1987, 2002, 2012 and State Water Policy was formulated by the State Government in the year 2007; unfortunately there is still no adequate provision to ensure availability of safe drinking water to every citizen of the country. 


An intensive campaign was launched to share consolidated 2-year work with the administration to acknowledge, address and link the issues of malnutrition with safe drinking water. Total 32408 males and 36694 females participated during padyatra and total 66280 people were covered during padyatra.

Through this rally, we tried to understand the need of people, their perspective about water as well as tried creating awareness about importance of safe drinking water.  We also tried to make them recognize impact of the existing situation in future on the society, thus, people could realize the issues and participated in the rally with vigor to put pressure on the administration so that government takes this matter into consideration and brings an Act for Safe Drinking Water. Even though there is a Policy for water, still the issue is being neglected by the government itself. Padyatra Campaign was conducted by the people's Organization (Sangathan).

The campaign was launched in Kandhamal and Malkangiri District on Children's day to highlight the mortality rate due to malnutrition in both districts. However, left out 14 operational districts (i.e. Boudh, Gajapati, Daspalla, Koraput, Rayagada, Kalahandi, Balangir, Nuapada, Mayurbhanj, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Sundargarh) also organized campaigns and interface with block and district administration and shared infrastructure complaints and demands pertaining to safe drinking water.

Activities Carried out During the Padyatra in both Districts: 

Activity  Kandhmal Malkangiri Total
No. of Block Covered 9 6 15
No. of GP Covered 36 43 79
No of Village Covered 157 120 277
No. of Household Covered 7538 6718 14256
No. of village meeting conducted 49 58 107
Theater Performance on Nirapada Jala and sanitation 41 21 62
Song and dance 106 58 164
Leaf let Distribution 8079 4594 12673
Signature Collected 2851 59 2910
Wall Writings 463 115 578
Focus Group Discussion with women 46 20 66
Water Sample collection 209 29 238
Petition sent to District Collector/CM 89 89 178
Identified Village Leader 138 118 256
No. of PRI Members Involved 54 43 97
Village Cleaned with Villagers 88 59 147



Issues Identified During Padyatra:

Issues Identified in Kandmal 

  • Water related issues identified-166
  • Toilets-11
  • Forest Rights Act-14
  • Road-5
  • Electricity-3
  • Food Security-16 

Issues Identified in Malkhangiri District during Padyatra

  • Water related issues identified-76
  • MGNREGA- 41
  • Toilets-17
  • JE (Japanese Encephalitis cases identified) -24

Community Contribution:

The entire Padyatra was conducted with the cooperation of community and our sathis. The logistic arrangement was completely undertaken by the villagers and people contributed money, rice, dal, vegetables and fire wood to make this Padyatra campaign a success.  

Contribution Status In Kandhmal:

Item wise Contribution Collected Amount in kg/piece Cost of the unit Total cost in cash 
Rice In Quintal. 1692 20 33840
Dal Kg. 287 120 34440
Vegetable in Kg 428 16 6848
Spices in cash     5757
Firewood in Bandal 35 200 7000
Chicken in Kg 108 160 17280
Cash 13990 1 13990
Mike & Sound in cash 3100 1 3100
Tea 1728 4 6912
Biscuits 503 5 2515
Mudi 18 35 630
Grand Total     132312

Contribution Status In Malkangiri:

Item wise Contribution Collected Unit Cost of the unit Total cost in cash 
Rice In Quintal 23.25 2000 46500
Dal Kg 340 120 40800
Vegetable in Kg 1077 20 21540
Spices in cash 7054 1 7054
Firewood in Bundle 35 200 7000
Egg in Cash 740 1 740
Potato in Cash 140 1 140
Chicken in Kgs 40 160 6400
Cash 15901 1 15901
Mike & Sound in cash 3100 1 3100
Papad 100 1 100
Tea 200 1 200
Biscuits 75 1 75
Mixture 40 1 40
Grand Total     149590


There was a huge impact of Padyatra, which was a long foot march in the rural area of both Kandhamal & Malkangiri District. It was well planned and designed to motivate and collect the local leaders who became the medium of communication with various government officials. 

In the initial stage of Padyatra, people were totally ignorant about importance of safe drinking water and water related diseases but gradually people came to know many things; they got lots of information not only about the water but also about the different government programs, schemes and provisions. The campaign had a huge impact on people like acceptance of issues etc.

During the campaign, many issues were identified pertaining to water and other local issues and people were instructed to write down the petitions and they submitted the same to District Collector and submitted memorandum to the CM. Through the Campaign, people’s participation has increased, messages have been circulated through leaflet distribution and wall writing and huge pressure has been created over the State Government. 

This Campaign also helped the organization to get social recognition in each and every corner of the State. 

IMPACT: Launch of BASUDHA Scheme in Rural Areas

Consistent follow-ups and demand for drinking water has brought about great impact in the field of water and sanitation. A new drinking water scheme in both rural and urban areas in Odisha has been launched in Budget 2017-18 in the name of great freedom fighter Bauxi Jagabandhu, ‘BASUDHA’  with the cost of Rupees 1000/- Crore in which sum of Rs. 315/- Crore has been allocated for urban areas and sum of Rupees 715/- Crore has been allocated for rural areas.

This is the impact of our consistent fight regarding rights and entitlements, which made government introduce this water scheme for the financial year 2017-18.

1.Highlights of BASUDHA Scheme: 

    a.Scheme will have two components, Buxi Jagabandhu Saharanchal Paneeya jala Jogana Karyakaram and Buxi Jagabandhu Gramya Paneeya Jala Jogana Karyaram, for which Rupees 315/- Crore and Rupees 750/- Crore have been allocated respectively.

    b.Besides that, Rupees 250/- Crore have been provided for operation and maintenance of large water supply systems. 

2. Swachh Bharat Mission:

Provision of Rupees 1000/- Crore and Rupees 188/- Crore has also been announced for the rural and urban components of the Swachh Bharat Mission respectively.

Thus, we can see that gradually our demands have started reaching the government stakeholders and they are realizing the need for providing safe drinking water in rural area.


Organizing about one month long Campaign on Water & Sanitation and to ascertain participation of all the people alongwith the local institutions and to ensure that the local administration adheres to its roles and responsibilities at the right time in order to reduce the issues related to water and malnutrition and bringing about various changes in behavior and attitude in the society.    



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